How I Cook Brown Rice

It was only a few years ago that I had never cooked rice at all. I was a potatoes person and maybe occasionally used Minute Rice, but other than that I just didn’t pay that much attention to rice. But finally, I familiarized myself with how to cook long-grain white rice, came up with my three favorite ways to jazz up plain rice, and all was good.

Until I decided to switch to brown rice.

Why switch to brown rice? Most healthy eating advice encourages eliminating the more processed white flour and white rice (which have been milled to have their outer layer removed) and instead use whole wheat flour or brown rice that are made from the entire grain and therefore have retained more of the fiber and nutrients.

So yeah, I was on board with that . . . until I cooked brown rice a few times. With lousy results! Even though I was following the directions on the bag of rice, and simmering it for a longer time than white rice, it never tasted fully cooked and still had a kind of crunchiness about it.  We were not liking it at our house and were about ready to give up on brown rice.

How to cook brown rice - the trick to finally having perfect brown rice!

How To Cook Brown Rice

At last I came upon this article from Saveur with instructions for Perfect Brown Rice that finally helped.  What was different about their method? They said –

Don’t just simmer it . . . boil it like pasta

And that really did make a difference!

Yes, now when I cook brown rice I use the same method I would use to prepare something like spaghetti.  I use much more water, keep it at a low bubbling boil as it cooks, and when it’s done cooking drain off the remaining water.  This has given me brown rice that feels fully cooked AND I’m able to cook it in the same amount of time it would take me to do the simmering method for white rice (about 20 minutes).

So while I am following the method in the Saveur article for boiling instead of simmering, I do a few other things differently.

I found I could use less water than they specified and still have enough for boiling. I also found my rice was usually cooked sooner than the 30 minutes they specified (I do 22 minutes . . kind of random, I know, but it works!). I usually let my rice sit for a few minutes to steam after cooking, but often times don’t do a full 10 minutes as their recipe recommended.  I also find I prefer the medium grain brown rice which seemed to cook up a little better for me than the long grains.

How to cook brown rice and have it turn out perfect!

Most of the time you’ll find you really don’t need to measure the water, because you will drain off any excess when you’re done cooking.  But if you need an amount to help you get started, I use about six times as much water as rice (or another way to think of it is to triple what you would use for white rice).  For instance:

White Rice:  1 cup rice + 2 cups water – –  Simmer until liquid is absorbed
Brown Rice: 1 cup rice + 6 cups water – – Boil and drain

        – Or for a smaller batch –

White Rice:  ½ cup rice + 1 cup water – – Simmer until liquid is absorbed
Brown Rice: ½ cup rice + 3 cups water – – Boil and drain

Now if you have something helpful like an Instant Pot or a Rice Cooker, perhaps brown rice didn’t present this kind of a problem for you.  But if like me, all you have is a lowly pan to fill with water, then this boiling approach to cooking brown rice might be just the answer you’re looking for too.

How to cook brown rice - the trick to finally having perfect brown rice!

I’m still working on figuring out the best way to do some flavoring options, although we do enjoy this this Lime Cilantro version of brown rice that’s tasty and quick and easy to do.

So cooking brown rice can indeed be tricky.  The fibrous outer coating on brown rice needs a different approach to get it fully cooked, without being too mushy.  But there are health benefits to the fibrous outer layer on brown rice that makes it worth learning to cook. Give the boiling method a try and I think you’ll be pleasantly surprised at how well it works!

How To Cook Brown Rice

Brown rice can be tricky to cook, but this boiling method can be the solution to finally having brown rice that's soft and cooked in a shorter length of time.
Cook Time25 minutes
Total Time25 minutes


  • 1 cup Brown Rice (I prefer Medium Grain)
  • 6 cups Water


  • Bring the water to a boil in a saucepan on the stovetop.
  • Once the water is boiling, add the rice and stir.
  • Continue to cook the rice, uncovered and at a low boil for 20 to 30 minutes.  I always cook mine for 22 minutes.
  • Drain the rice in a colander, letting it set for a few seconds to make sure all the water has drained away.
  • If you wish, the rice can then be returned to the cooking pot for additional steaming. Put the lid on the pot and let it set for another 5 to 10 minutes off the heat, then fluff with a fork and serve.





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  1. Bev,
    Thank you for sharing this. My husband and I have had problems with getting our brown rice right also. It is either undercooked and crunchy or overcooked and “exploded”. We are definitely going to try this method and am going to look for Alton Brown’s baked rice as well.
    Often times, I will “glorify” my rice with finely chopped onions, green peas, and carrots, finely chopped. If I use red, yellow, or white onions, I saute them a little for a little more mellow flavor. If I use green onions, I add them in raw with the other veggies about half way through with the old method of cooking the rice. Will have to figure out the timing with this method.

  2. I like to have rice along side soup so we can put it in the bowl, or not. After cooking the rice ‘pasta style’ I add the drained rice-water to the soup pot for a little thickening.

  3. My husband was diagnosed with diabetes last year so we are now a brown rice eating clan. Even with a rice cooker, you have to use the right water-to-rice ratio. I use 2 to 2.5 cups of water per 1 cup of rice and fluff it with a fork when it’s done. Like pasta, it’s better to salt the water before you cook the rice. I’ve not tried a lot to flavor brown rice like I did with white or Jasmine rice, but I usually add butter or olive oil once it’s done cooking. I’ve also mixed in herbs like dried parsley or Italian seasoning (again after its cooked – you need to be careful what else you add to a rice cooker besides rice, water, and salt). Sometimes I add some Parmesan cheese to a serving. I’ve heard of Alton Brown’s baked brown rice but have never tried it.

    1. Yes, it sure seems like it takes some trial and error to find what works best for you when cooking brown rice. But it sounds like you’re getting things figured out for your family Joanne. Good job!

  4. I didn’t enjoy brown rice either until I tried Alton Browns recipe for oven baked brown rice. It’s perfect every time and everyone always asks for the recipe. Brown rice is supposed to have a little more texture than white, it shouldn’t be crunchy.

    I liked your way of cooking it yesterday evening but my family asked me not to change my usual method anymore.

    1. I might have to go in search of Alton Brown’s baked rice recipe. Sounds like it might be worth giving a try!